Science today recognizes that there is no way to prove the absolute truth of any hypothesis or model, since it is always possible that a different explanation might account for the same observation. In this sense, even the most well established physical laws are "conditional." Hence, with scientific methodology it is never possible to prove conclusively that a hypothesis is true, it is only possible to prove that it is false. (IPCC)
This definition is correct in that Falsifiability of a hypothesis disproves the hypothesis, but in order for a hypothesis to show a given cause and effect relation you still need explain the explicit relationship underpinning the hypothesis by proof; otherwise you leave yourself open to defining a hypothesis or model on the basis of co-incidence or misplace cause and effect (roosters crow every morning at Sun rise, therefore roosters cause the Sun to rise?...). Worse, you also leave falsifying the hypothesis to others to perform, which given they might not have an interest or wish to falsify your hypothesis; leads to essentially unproven conclusions and observations - a weak ground upon which to build further solid science.
See Postmodern Science
Power which is guaranteed by the supplier to be available at all times during a period covered by a commitment. That portion of a customer´s energy load for which service is assured by the utility provider.Search the Web for Firm Power
1st Order Consumers are animals that eat plants. They are the first step in the food chain.
This is a photo-voltaic array set in at a fixed angle with respect to the Sun, it does not track the Sun across the sky..Search the Web for Fixed Tilt Array
A thin layer of impermeable material (often sheet metal) used in construction to prevent water penetration and provide drainage. Often used between a roof and a wall or over exterior door and window openings.Search the Web for Flashing
Flexible Solar Panels are solar panels which can be bent or curved without an adverse impact on their viability as a solar panel.
A vehicle with a single fuel tank designed to run on varying blends of unleaded gasoline with either ethanol or methanol.Search the Web for Flexible-fuel Vehicle
A battery operation in which the battery is normally connected to an external current source; for instance, a battery charger which supplies the battery load< under normal conditions, while also providing enough energy input to the battery to make up for its internal quiescent losses, thus keeping the battery always up to full power and ready for service.Search the Web for Float Service
Process by which clumps of solids in water or sewage aggregate through biological or chemical action so they can be separated from water or sewage.Search the Web for Flocculation
Prediction of the stage, discharge, time of occurrence, and duration of a flood, especially of the peak discharge at a specified point on a stream, resulting from precipitation and/or snowmelt.Search the Web for Flood Forecasting
The highest magnitude of the stage of discharge attained by a flood. Also called peak stage or peak discharge.Search the Web for Flood Peak
Any normally dry land area that is susceptible to being inundated by water from any natural source. This area is usually low land adjacent to a stream or lake.Search the Web for Floodplain
The channel of a river or stream and those parts of the adjacent floodplain adjoining the channel that are required to carry and discharge the base flood.Search the Web for Floodway
Floor cladding is the material used to construct the surface of a floor.Search the Web for Floor Cladding
A flow battery, or a redox flow battery (after reduction–oxidation), is a type of rechargeable battery where rechargeability is provided by two chemical components dissolved in liquids contained within the system and separated by a membrane.
A halocarbon in which some hydrogen atoms have been replaced by fluorine; used in refrigerators and aerosols.Search the Web for Flurocarbon
To help ensure the indoor air quality, mechanical systems are operated for a minimum of two weeks using 100 percent outside air at the end of construction and prior to building occupancy.Search the Web for Flush Out
A fine residue, left after trash is burned in an incinerator, which can be carried in the air. It can contain harmful or toxic substances such as dioxins, lead and mercury.Search the Web for Fly Ash
The act of dumping large amounts of rubbish such as furniture, building waste or packaging, on any land or street.Search the Web for Flytipping
Foil insulation is a thin metallic film stretched over a surface to reduce heat transmission through a space by primarily radiated means. Often found in roof spaces. Some foils can come with a foam backing to give it extra strength and provide additional insulation against direct heat transmission.Search the Web for Foil Insulation
A food allergy is an adverse immune response to a food protein. They are distinct from other adverse responses to food, such as food intolerance, pharmacological reactions, and toxin-mediated reactions.
A protein in the food is the most common allergic component. These kinds of allergies occur when the body's immune system mistakenly identifies a protein as harmful. Some proteins or fragments of proteins are resistant to digestion and those that are not broken down in the digestive process are tagged by the Immunoglobulin E (IgE). These tags fool the immune system into thinking that the protein is harmful. The immune system, thinking the organism (the individual) is under attack, triggers an allergic reaction. These reactions can range from mild to severe. Allergic responses include dermatitis, gastrointestinal and respiratory distress, including such life-threatening anaphylactic responses as biphasic anaphylaxis and vasodilation; these require immediate emergency intervention. Non-food protein allergies include latex sensitivity. Individuals with protein allergies commonly avoid contact with the problematic protein. Some medications may prevent, minimize or treat protein allergy reactions.Search the Web for Food Allergy
A sequence of organisms, each of which uses the next, lower member of the sequence as a food source.Search the Web for Food Chain
Food intolerance or non-allergic food hypersensitivity is a term used widely for varied physiological responses associated with a particular food, or compound found in a range of foods.
Food intolerance is negative reaction, often delayed, to a food, beverage, food additive, or compound found in foods that produces symptoms in one or more body organs and systems, but it is not a true food allergy. A true food allergy requires the presence of IgE antibodies against the food, and a food intolerance does not.Search the Web for Food Intolerance
This is the distance your food has travelled from 'plough to plate'.Search the Web for Food Miles
A process that alters the energy balance of the climate system, i.e. changes the relative balance between incoming solar radiation and outgoing infrared radiation from Earth. Such mechanisms include changes in solar irradiance, volcanic eruptions, and enhancement of the natural greenhouse effect by emission of carbon dioxide. See also Radiative Forcing.Search the Web for Forcing Mechanism
This refers to a high incidence of decline and individual tree death due to a change in climate conditions that makes trees vulnerable to disease and insect predation.Search the Web for Forest Dieback
Material not harvested or removed from logging sites in commercial hardwood and softwood stands as well as material resulting from forest management operations such as precommercial thinnings and removal of dead and dying trees.Search the Web for Forest Residues
Convection triggered by intense solar heating of the earth's surface.Search the Web for Free Convection
A wind generator that is NOT connected to a Load is freewheeling, and in danger of self-destruction from over speeding.Search the Web for Freewheeling
An optical device that focuses light like a magnifying glass; concentric rings are faced at slightly different angles so that light falling on any ring is focused to the same point.Search the Web for Fresnel Lens
Any material containing more than one-percent asbestos, and that can be crumbled or reduced to powder by hand pressure. (May include previously non-friable material which becomes broken or damaged by mechanical force.)Search the Web for Friable Asbestos
Wood and wood products, possibly including coppices, scrubs, branches, etc., bought or gathered, and used by direct combustion.Search the Web for Fuelwood
Emissions from leaks in the mining, exploration or transport of fossil fuels, such as gas pipeline leaks.Search the Web for Fugitive Emissions
The characteristic of a place where a variety of different activities (economic, political, social) occur; most often associated with urban places.Search the Web for Functional Diversity
A chemical that keeps fungi from growing.Search the Web for Fungistat
A method of preventing damage to horizontal-axis wind turbines by automatically turning them out of the wind using a spring loaded tail or other device.Search the Web for Furling
A wind generator protection mechanism where the rotor shaft axis is offset horizontally from the yaw axis, and the tail boom is both offset horizontally and hinged diagonally, thus allowing the tail to fold up and in during high winds. This causes the blades to turn out of the wind, protecting the machine.Search the Web for Furling Tail